Many schools have introduced lunchtime Clubs and had great success.
Playgrounds are unstructured, unpredictable places where children with ASD struggle to follow and join in the numerous social interactions surrounding them. Children with ASD frequently return to class from the playground in a high state of anxiety. In addition, their self-esteem frequently takes a battering. In our book Developing Social Skills, co-author Gay von Ess and I have lots of practical ideas and strategies to support social skills.
Top Tips for Creating Successful Lunchtime Clubs
- Use students’ current interests and create clubs around these, or skills the students need.
- Consider setting up for students who are not coping in the playground or constantly having incidents.
- Name the Club: ‘The World of Fun,’ ‘Lunchtime Club,’ ‘Rest and Relaxation’ or ‘Games Group.’
- Have set open days each week. This can be from 1-5 days.
- Decide on number of students who can attend.
- Decide HOW students join the Club i.e. Self-selected, teacher selected, bring a friend, open door or teachers identified on the day who would benefit from the programme.
- Include a range of activities and provide variety e.g. music, board games, Lego, cards, chess, computer, jigsaws, art, drawing, colouring, craft, Origami, garden group, watering group, relaxation, sensory room, Nintendo Wii, interactive whiteboard, iPads, aviary with seating and trees, exercise bike, mini trampoline, cooking and more.
- Staffing/Supervision – be clear about supervision by staff. Some schools have peer programmes set up where older students supervise. All the schools who used peer support report a tremendous response from students wanting to be involved in the programme.
Passive Playgrounds are another option for Lunchtime Clubs. They are a classroom that is open with table top activities, board games, etc where students can go for quiet socialisation. Passive Playgrounds are a great way to support students with social skills and social engagement.
Some schools use Buddy Benches where children can go if they want someone to play with them. Older children are taught to keep observing and involve any peers sitting there.
The Buddy Bench is great in addressing loneliness and instilling a sense of inclusion within the school community.
According to Dr. Rebecca Wood from the University of Birmingham, “it is crucial to understand and respect the social preferences of individual children.” In other words it is important to acknowledge that some children would rather be alone and others would prefer a larger group of friends. It is not vital for children with ASD to have friends UNLESS they want to.
Top Social Skills Resource for Primary
Developing Social Skills: By Sue Larkey and Gay von Ess
This book is for teaching and encouraging social interactions and skills for children with Autism Spectrum Disorder and other developmental delays.
What exactly is included in this book?
- Easy Ways to Include Social Skills in your Everyday Activities
- Different ways we Communicate – i.e. Body Language, Tone of Voice etc
- How Loud is my Voice Activities
- Personal Space
- Eye Contact – Why teach, What to teach, Steps to teach
- Conversation Skills – Including :Keeping on Topic & What to say
- Friendship : Making Friends & Being One, Working in groups
- Managing Emotions: 5 Steps to Teaching Emotions
- Ready to use social scripts
- Over 100 pages